Skills and Knowledge Framework

a paper with a wrench and two connected dots

How the Framework was created

The UNCRC Skills and Knowledge Framework was created collaboratively using a digital process, following the four stages of the ‘Double Diamond’ process: discover, define, develop and deliver (Design Council). Drafts of the Framework were updated and amended throughout the process, based on direct participation and feedback from a diverse range of individuals, groups and volunteers from across Scotland. 


At the discovery stage, 12 key stakeholders were interviewed, including people who had created similar frameworks and people who would use the Framework. Public authority workers in Scotland were surveyed about what skills they would need to be able to take a children’s human rights approach, resulting in nearly 100 responses. Some 15 existing and complementary frameworks were reviewed, including: 


During the definition phase, 24 people from the Professional Panel and 12 families from the Children and Families Panel considered the answers to four questions: 

  1. What do our public services need to know and understand about children’s lives? 
  2. What do they need to know about family life in contemporary Scotland? 
  3. How are we doing across our public services when it comes to giving meaning and relevance to the common values we articulate for our children and families? 
  4. What will improvement look like? 


After serious consideration of various existing models that provide frameworks for a children’s human rights approach, the Framework use The Right Way Wales. This is a principled framework for anyone working with children and young people, grounded in the UNCRC, which helps public authorities integrate children’s rights into every aspect of decision making, policy and practice. The Right Way was developed by the Children’s Commissioner for Wales following the indirect incorporation of the UNCRC into law, and was built on for subsequent application in Jersey following a similar legal reform. An evaluation of the impact of The Right Way on policy and practice in public bodies in Wales (“Ambition to Action, 2022) has shown the framework to provide a consistent and common approach to children’s rights which creates opportunities to collaborate and provides practical support to understand and implement a children’s rights approach. It provides a robust basis from which to develop a bespoke Framework for Scotland. 

The development phase involved further mapping and analysing the values, skills and knowledge needed for a children’s human rights approach. This was done collaboratively both with the Panels and through wider stakeholder events, with over 100 individuals involved in the process. The structure was created using the contents of the UNCRC and General Comments, alongside good practice observed in Wales. The language used in the principles and within the skills and knowledge tables has been analysed and revised by the panels and wider stakeholders. 

This video shows how the Children’s Parliament’s engaged with this process, with the Children and Families Panel as an example of best practice in online and in person consultation with children. It provides examples of recommended participation methods and materials and shows how to both capture and present children’s views during a consultation process. It also highlights the capacity of children aged 2 to 17 to give their views using qualitative methods.

  • Find out more about how The Framework and Training Plan were created at UNCRC.SCOT 

Blog & News